Much like any other sport or athletic activity, there are a number of physical fitness components that go into these outdoor activities. The major components like Cardiovascular Endurance, Muscle Strength and Endurance, and Flexibility are what most people think of when training, but it's the subcomponents of fitness that often make the biggest difference. Consider these subcomponents in your preparation for the Spring thaw.
1. Balance - being able to maintain a precise position
2. Coordination - the ability to use different parts of the body together smoothly and efficiently
3. Agility - staying under control when changing directions
4. Reaction - the speed at which you react to stimuli
5. Speed - the time required to do certain activities
6. Power - the speed at which you can exert a particular amount of strength
Balance and Coordination are essential for efficient paddling and biking, and navigating unusual terrains. Agility and Reaction often come into play when external forces are applied; think of a strong wind, increased current, deteriorating terrain, or rogue wave. And finally, Speed and Power, help you cover more ground in a shorter amount of time. Incorporate these 6 subcomponents into your training and enjoy your time outdoors. Check out this zero-equipment routine from Fitness Blender that addresses a number of these areas as well as core and lower body strength essential for any activity.